Talking business from Iran to Los Angeles
Persian and Farsi are different words for the same language spoken in Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Its history stretches back to the 6th century B.C. and is spoken by over 45 million people.
Persian is spoken in Middle East, India, Europe and even Los Angeles in the USA where it’s known as ‘Tehrangeles’.
English is scattered with words borrowed from Persian Farsi, ‘Kiosk’, ‘Caravan’ and ‘Checkmate’ originate from the language.
When you need a Persian Farsi translator or interpreter give us a call, our experts are standing by to make sure you’re understood.
- Grammar is relatively simple to grasp. There are no articles and nouns have no gender.
- The same word is used to describe both he and she, which can make it difficult to grasp to whom a person is referring.
- Some sounds in Persian prove very difficult for English speakers to pronounce correctly.
- Word order doesn’t need to change to ask a question. It is simply indicated by a rise of intonation at the end of a sentence.
An introduction to the Persian (Farsi) language
Persian, or Farsi, is the modern version of Old Persian
Primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan – as a different dialect called Dali and in Tajikistan, where it is known as Tajik. With roughly 60 million Persian speakers worldwide it is the 23rd most widely spoken language in the world.
Linguistically, the evolution of the Persian language can be traced by following three evolutionary steps – Old Persian, Middle Persian and New Persian. New Persian alone spans a period of 1,200 years that leads up to contemporary Persian. Modern Farsi was properly established around 950 AD. Modern Farsi takes the majority of its vocabulary from Middle Persian. However, it makes use of a large amount of Arabic lexical items, which have been Persianised and often given a different meaning from the original Arabic. The Arabic vocabulary found in other Iranian, Turkic and Indic languages tend to have originated from New Persian.
Since the 19th century, Russian, French and English have contributed to the technical vocabulary of Persian, especially French due to the long, historical relationship between the two countries with French being the de facto second language of Iran for years.
Examples of French words found in Persian
These are just a small example of the hundreds of French words found in Modern Persian.
The Persian alphabet, or Perso-Arabic alphabet employed in the Persian writing system makes use of a modified Arabic script. The Arabic system of vocalisation marks, called harakat, is used in Persian, however some of the symbols have different pronunciations to the Arabic. Tajik is written with the Cyrillic script in Tajikistan.
Persian has also left its mark on the English language owing to the historical connections between Persia and Britain.
A few examples of Persian words used in English
While there are several different dialects throughout Iran and the international use of Dali and Tajik, they are all mutually intelligible. However, the Khuzestan province, specifically the northern region is home to many distinct Persian dialects that are generally unintelligible to modern Persian speakers.